State of Nigeria is Africa's largest country in terms of population, with a population of more than one hundred and five and fifty million people. Nigeria is located in West Africa, Nigeria and limits the Gulf of Guinea to the south, and Benin in the west, and Niger in the north, and is bordered to the east of Chad and Cameroon. As for the Nigerian capital Abuja are, and have become well since thousand and nine hundred and ninety-one, after the capital is the city of Lagos. And Nigeria is one of the most African countries to contain the national Taddiat and religious, where there are two hundred and various nationalist fifty, and despite the fact that English is the official language of Nigeria, but it is not the most widely used due to the presence of a private or local dialect derived from an African Language characterize every other nation in the country, and the most common of these languages in Nigeria, Hausa, and Yoruba, and Igbo.
Abuja city in central Nigeria is located, and may have been planning to build a modern to become the capital of the federal country, and has begun construction of Abuja in the eighties of the last century, and officially became the capital in the twelfth of December, one thousand and Nsamaúh and ninety-one, and is one of the cities relatively modern.
Planning has begun for the construction of the capital, Abuja, since for Nigeria's independence, as the Nigerian state with a pluralistic character and carry a lot of ethnic differences and religious, so it was the first goal of the construction of the new capital is to make it in a neutral venue for both parties in the state, and may The choice of location in the center of the country to signify the unity of the Nigerian nation, despite its pluralism. The previous capital Lagos has become more populous cities in the country, and was followed by a city suffering from the problems that come with the population explosion, went though Lagos crises of unemployment and rising transportation and pollution, in addition to its warm tropical moisture and overfilling.
Abuja is an important commercial center in central Nigeria, and the city is famous as the home of the traditional craft industries, such as pottery industries, and cotton tissues, and a few industries, and others. And has increased the strength of the city as a center of economic extraction of tin them since the first half of the twentieth century to the present.